The Rose Pink City founded by Maharaja Jai Singh II
(1693-1743), is the capital of Rajasthan. It is a major
attraction for the first-time visitor. Jaipur is
surrounded on all sides by rugged hills, crowned with
forts & enclosed by embattled walls. Houses with
latticed windows line the streets with their rose pink
colour, lending enchantment to the scene, which is
almost magical at sunset.
The Old City (Known as the Pink City) is a great place
to wander around. The whole city was painted in Pink
colour by Maharaja Man Singh II when Prince of Wales,
later Edward VII, visited Jaipur in 1876 AD. Today,
every home within the city is obliged by law to maintain
its facade. It is a very well planned city laid out in a
grid pattern and was designed by a young Bengali
engineer and scholar by the name "Vidyadhar
Jaipur was and remains the only city in the world,
symbolising the nine divisions of the universe, through
nine rectangular sectors sub-dividing it. Jaipur is a
royal city & this is its most noticeable aspect, small
buildings & festivals testify it.
Jaipur & its surroundings are rather like an endless
museum. The city also offers an endless variety of
crafts. Jewellers here still fashion the beautiful
enamel-on-gold pendants, studded on the reverse with
precious stones or pearls & turquoise that one sees in
miniature paintings. Jaipur's lacquer bangles are famous
all over the world. This is a city to be visited.
Prime Attractions of Jaipur
Jaipur's signature building, the Hawa Mahal, a multi
layered palace, was built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh
II. Famous for it's beehive like structure, the Mahal is
an interplay of red and pink sand stone, carefully and
painstakingly outlined with white borders and motifs.
Overlooking the Delhi Jaipur Highway, the image of the
Amber Fort is beautifully reflected in the lake below.
Within the Fort lies the famous Jai Mandir (Temple) with
its world renowned Sheesh Mahal, a hall full of Mirrors.
The Jal Mahal Palace, Jaipur is noted for its intricate
architecture. The Palace was developed as a pleasure
spot. It was used for the royal duck shooting parties.
At the entrance to the City Palace is Jantar Mantar, the
'Yantralaya' of Sawai Jai Singh II, the last great
classical astronomer in India. The modernistic
structures known as 'Yantras' are the unique creations
of this astronomer-king designed by him and built by
experts to observe the movements of sun, moon, planets
and the stars.
Birla Mandir or the Lakshmi - Narayan Temple, situated
just below the Mooti Doongari castle.Built on raised
ground, it is surrounded by large lush green gardens.
City Palace (Jaipur)
The City Palace is an imposing blend of traditional
Rajasthani and Mughal art and architecture. The City
Palace complex houses several palatial structures. In
the heart of the old Jaipur city, the City Palace
occupies a large area divided into a series of
courtyards, gardens and buildings.
Govind Devji Temple
Located in the central pavilion of the elaborate
sprawling Jai Niwas Garden, to the north of the
magnificent Chandra Mahal, is the miniature temple of
Govt. Central Museum
Located in the centre of the sprawling Ram Niwas Bagh,
this is the oldest Museum in the State. The building was
designed by Colonel Sir Swinton Jacob. It was built in
1876 AD when King Edward VII visited India as the Prince
of Wales. It was opened to public in 1886 AD.
Beyond the hills of Jaigarh, stands the fort of
Nahargarh like a watchful sentinel guarding Sawai Jai
Singh's beautiful capital.
Sawai Man Singh Museum
Located within the City Palace complex and nestled
amidst old buildings, temples and the palace quarters,
this museum was founded in 1959 by Maharaja Sawai Man
Singh II. The exhibits comprise of the ancestral
collections built up by the successive rulers of Amer
Sheetla Mata Fair
The Sheetla Mata Fair is held in March-April, the month
of Chaitra, in village Seel-Ki-Doongri, Jaipur. Doongri
is a hillock on top of which the shrine of Sheetla Mata
stands. The fair is held in her honour every year and
attracts hordes of visitors from far and wide.
Archaeological Museum - Amer
Located in the Dil-e-Aram Gardens, of Amer, the ancient
capital of Jaipur, was established in 1949.
The village on the Ajmer Road is known for its block
prints called as the ¿bagru¿ prints
The Banganga Fair is held annually near a rivulet, 11-km
from the historical township of Bairath in Jaipur
district, on the full moon day of Vaishakh (April- May).
Visiting the Banganga Fair, taking a bath and paying
homage to the holy sites in the vicinity at this time is
therefore considered very auspicious by the pilgrims who
come from Alwar, Behror, Jaipur, Bharatpur and many
Gogaji Fair is held in the memory of a popular hero of
the area who is known as Goga Veer among the Hindus and
Jahar Peer among the Muslims. The Kayam Khani Muslims
claim descent from him and regard him as a peer (saint).
Hawa Mahal Museum
Just behind the beautiful Hawa Mahal (Palace of Winds)
in the adjoining Partap Mandir, a museum was set up in
the year 1983. Preserved here, is the sculptural
heritage collected from Ganeshwar, Virat Nagar, Raid,
Sambhar and Museum of Indology, Jaipur Nagar.
It is one of the few military structures of medieval
India preserved almost intact, containing palaces,
gardens, open and covered reservoirs, a granary, an
armoury, a well-planned cannon foundry, several temples,
a tall tower and a giant mounted cannon
Modern Art Gallery
A small gallery in the first floor of the Ravindra Manch
Auditorium in Ram Niwas Garden of Jaipur shows a
selection of works by the well known modem artists and
sculptors of Rajasthan.
Created and established by Acharya Ram Charan Sharma 'Vyakul'
in 1960, the Museum of Indology has a collection of Folk
and Tantra art.
Ram Niwas Garden
The popular Ram Niwas Gardens located in Jaipur were
laid out by the last Maharaja Ram Singh II, as a famine
relief project. At the centre is the splendid central
museum and near by is a small zoo and a bird park, good
on atmosphere but short on animals.
Shri Mahavirji Fair
The Shri Mahavirji Fair is held from Chaitra Shukla
Ekadasi to Baisakh Krishna Dwitiya (March-April) to
commemorate the memory of Shri Mahavir Swami, the 24th
Tirthankara (saint) of the Jains, in Chandan Gaon. Among
the visitors to the fair are the principal followers of
Mahavir Swami - the Digambar Jains, who come from far
and wide to pay homage to the saint at the shrine.
Sisodia Rani Ka Bagh
Along the road to Agra through a narrow gorge in the
south-eastern corner of the walled city, is situated
Sisodia Rani-ka-Bagh, the largest and the most famous
garden built by Sawai Jai Singh II for his Sisodia
Vidyadhar Garden, located near the Sisodia Gardens is a
beautiful vineyard, which unfolds itself in the valley.
It is named after Vidyadhar Bhattacharjee, the architect
of Jaipur. Cuddled in a narrow valley, this beautiful
garden was built in honour of Jai Singh's chief
architect and town planner.
Virat Nagar Musuem
The museum, although not very large has the richest
collection. The excavated material like potteries,
pikkins, old coins, seals, metallic pieces, weapons and
statues have been exhibited here.